生    活Hedo life

新吉普赛人

吉普赛式生活是什么样子?我想,那是一种有境界的流浪,是无视繁华的淡定,是追求自由的一种终极表现,是用洒脱来表达诗意。那不是年少无畏的流浪,不是我们常说的趁年轻去四处看看,去体验各种体验。组建家庭并不能阻止流浪的脚步,因为那本身是一种生活选择,不是一天或两天,而是几年、十几年,甚至更久。相比于我们喜欢用清心寡欲般隐居山水之间来表达领悟,这种生活无疑更为放纵,尽情。
 

伦敦摄影师iain mckell用了十年时间来记录当代英国的浪人生活。这些人来自各行各业。他们是这个世界的punks,受1960年代、1979年代的反文化以及90年代的锐舞文化(Rave Culture,主张和平、爱,平等)影响很深,崇尚自由、自然和简单的生活。下面就是这位摄影师的大作。

  



  


没有电视,没有电脑,在夕阳中升起篝火,一家老小这么零散的待在一起,安详和谐的很实在










这种流浪对于孩子来说会是一辈子的影响,是一辈子的财富


生活是这样子的,一直在路上, 一直在流浪......


——有些差距和差异,深深植根在民族文化中,难以逾越。



德国人的饮酒方式

 



Their Bars
We've seen American drinking establishments called many things: bars, taverns, inns, pubs, and clubs. Joints, places, rooms. German biergarten, Mexican cantinas, Irish shebeens. Everything but proeflokaal. Which is Dutch for "tasting room," a place where you sample spirits (and maybe a little beer on the side). In fact, although we've done a pretty fair job of sipping our way across the U. S. A., we have yet to come across a single dramshop that is Dutch-inspired. That is ironic, since — although the undeniable charm of legal pot smoking and the deep-rooted Dutch aversion to self-promotion have done an excellent job of keeping it secret — the Netherlands, and Amsterdam in particular, is home to some of the most righteous old bars in the world. And by old, we mean old. Places like De Drie Fleschjes ("the Three Little Bottles"), a cozy little room in the heart of the city that dates back to 1650 or so, or the nearby (and even smaller) Café de Dokter (that would be "the Doctor"), family-owned since 1798. Unlike the grand old pubs and inns of London, these ancient institutions are low-key, plain, and humble; it doesn't take more than a minute and a half for a visiting Yank to feel exactly at home there
In a way we are at home there. While one of the parents of the American bar might be the English pub, there's a strong argument to be made that the other one is Dutch. You can trace that lineage the serious, historical way, through the Dutch city of colonial New Amsterdam, whose spirit-heavy drinking patterns persisted even once the beer- and wine-drinking English took over and went on to shape the way Americans drank and still drink. Or you can trace it the fun way, through the Dutch national drinking ritual, the kopstoot. For that, though, you'll need some genever, or Holland gin, as we used to call it.

Their National Liquor (and How They Drink It)
London dry gin, the style of gin we all grew up with, is basically flavored vodka: neutral spirits bubbled through juniper berries and a few other botanicals, cut to proof, and bottled. Genever, the spirit of the Netherlands (plus parts of Belgium, Germany, and France), is, on the other hand, more of a flavored whiskey, albeit a light one: a blend of neutral spirits, juniper and botanical infusions, and what's known as "malt wine," which is a rich, funky distillate of malted barley, rye, and other grains.
Up until around 1890, the Dutch style was what we drank here, too. Nowadays it's pretty hard to find, although it's starting to show signs of life. The newish Bols Genever, if you can find it, is a bit pricey but definitely old-school. Even more so is the San Francisco-made Genevieve, an American homage to genever that's so intense as to be a little frightening.

Equally as important is how you drink genever. The best way is by performing a kop-stoot. Characteristically, this "head butt" (see illustration above for why it's called that) couldn't be simpler: a small tulip glass of chilled genever with a short beer back. A beer and a shot. Can't get more American than that. Or more Dutch.


BY DAVID WONDRICH 



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